عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: The field of Knowledge and Information science needs systematic studies about the future in order to adapt and keep pace with the current developments and to effectively deal with them and maintain their position and survival in the current competitive conditions. In this regard, the present study intends to guide future researchers to develop research in this field by reviewing studies related to the future of information science and science in Iran and the world.
Methods: The present study was conducted using the systematic review method. In the present study, in order to ensure the systematic review process, the guide provided by Okoli & Schabram (2010) has been used. For this purpose, related researches were searched in international and domestic databases without considering the time limit. In total, 109 researches were analyzed.
Results: A review of studies showed that 14 dissertations, 25 conference articles, 60 journal articles and 10 website notes addressed the issue of the future of information science and epistemology. These researches have studied the future of this field in four axes: 1. Libraries and information centers in the future; 2. Librarians and information science professionals in the future; 3. The future of education in information science and science; And 4. The future of research in this field. A significant part of this research has been done with the aim of studying the goals, functions, features, services and resources of libraries in the future.
Conclusion: Libraries and information centers will continue to function as an important social institution in the future, but in order to be able to compete with competitors such as the Internet, super search engines, social networks, databases, virtual reality, augmented and hybrid technologies, To maintain and improve their position of audio-visual media and other new tools, it is necessary to change their services in accordance with the needs of the day and new technologies. In the future, the development of media and information carriers will not replace the role of librarians and information science professionals, but the importance of their position will be felt. In fact, among the various technologies and media, only librarians have the ability to overcome the challenges ahead such as the increasing volume of information, the growth of Internet resources, greater diversity of user needs, facing the problems of organizing information resources in cyberspace and optimal retrieval. Information from the masses of information is inappropriate. Given the current and future developments, the need for change in the situation of education and research in this field is felt more.