اطلاعات بدنمند در یوگا: طرح موضوع در مرز مشترک اطلاعات و تعمق

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دستیار پژوهشی، گروه علم اطلاعات و دانش‌شناسی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران. دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده مدیریت اطلاعات، دانشگاه ویکتوریای ولینگتون، ولینگتون، نیوزیلند.

چکیده

هدف: هدف در مقاله حاضر با نشان دادن اهمیت  دو مفهوم: 1) رفتار اطلاعاتی لذت‌بخش و متعالی و 2) اطلاعات بدنمند، یافتن دامنه‌های پژوهشی در مرز مشترک  رفتار اطلاعاتی، مطالعات تعمقی است.
روششناسی: مقاله مفهومی حاضر مبتنی بر مباحث رفتار اطلاعاتی زندگی روزمره و متعالی است که تاکنون در ادبیات علوم اطلاعات به صورت مفهومی و تجربی ارائه شده است. نخست، ضرورت تحقیق در این حوزه با رویکرد مبتنی بر بدن، مطرح و سپس یوگا به عنوان زمینه‌ای برای ظهور رفتارهای اطلاعاتی متعالی توصیف خواهد شد.
یافته‌ها: زندگی انسان دارای جنبه‌های عمیقی است که تعامل‌اش با اطلاعات نه برای حل مسائل و انجام کارهای روزمره، بلکه به منظور لذت و درک معناست که به آن «سطح بالاتر زندگی روزمره» گفته می‌شود. یکی از نمونه‌های ظهور آن در زندگی انسان‌ها تمرینات تعمقی، همچون یوگاست، که تعداد هنرجویان آن در ایران و جهان رو به افزایش است و افراد زیادی یوگا را به عنوان اوقات فراغت جدی دنبال می‌کنند. نوع اطلاعات در این بافت متفاوت از آنچه به صورت سنتی می‌شناختیم است و اطلاعات وابسته به بدن، مبتنی بر حواس و تجربه‌های بدنی است. اطلاعات بدنمند حوزه جدیدی است که علوم اطلاعات بر آن متمرکز شده  و تلاش می‌کند مفهوم اطلاعات را با توجه به نقش بدن آن‌گونه که در زندگی افراد تجربه می‌شود توصیف کند.
نتیجه‌گیری: با توصیف نقش دانش بدنمند و رفتارهای اطلاعاتی متعالی در بافت یوگا، بخشی از مرزهای مشترک میان رشته علم اطلاعات با مطالعات تعمقی مشخص و پرسش‌ها و مسائل پژوهشی در این زمینه مطرح شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Embodied Information in Yoga: proposing a research topic at the intersection of information and contemplation

نویسنده [English]

  • Niloofar Solhjoo
Research Assistant, Department of Information Science and Knowledge Studies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. Ph.D Scholar, School of Information Management, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
چکیده [English]

Purpose: the aim of this study is to introduce and enable research at the intersection of information behaviour studies and contemplative studies by proposing yoga as a research context in everyday life.
Methodology: This conceptual paper builds on discussions of the everyday information behaviour, transcendental Information, and pleasure and profound in information science. First, contemplation is defined and discussed, along with the movement-based contemplative practices and embodiment approach. Next, yoga is proposed and explored as a contemplative practice in higher level of everyday life which consists embodied and transcendental information.
Findings: Everyday life of people in their modern world involves deep aspects of human engagement with information not only for solving problems and survival, but also for pleasure and profound in daily life. Contemplative practices such as Yoga are examples of higher things in life which become more popular both in Iran and other parts of the world. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, lockdowns and its psychological impacts the number of people who turned to yoga and online yoga is increasing. Yoga is a movement type of contemplative practice. The information or knowledge in this practice is different from what we have known as traditional definitions of information. Individuals find compassion, meaning, awareness and silence by doing yoga. It engages human body in many ways and changes the perception of human about the strength and functionality of the body. In all the yoga processes information can be involved. It involves various types of sensory, tactile and physical information that are acquired and interpreted, and used with the help of human sensory capacities (such as sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch) and in relation to other forms of information. There are many moving, stretching, and balancing through a series of postures, there are breath practices which are also embodied. The physical environment, such as music, mirrors, smells, or diversity of participants, their body size, age, gender, clothing, and movements shape the information landscape of yoga practices. Embodiment is a new turn in information science which tries to bring the body into focus, as the way individuals experience information. When performing yoga, human receives tactile and audio information from the environment in which she/he is located and adjusts her/his body to prevent unnecessary movements and to perform the desired pose. Sometimes even seeing other people's movements and postures, feeling the pain in the muscles, hearing rhythm of the music or sounds of the nature, and feeling the temperature of breath can be sources of embodied information and sensual knowledge for the practitioner.
Conclusion: This paper builds on discourse at the intersection of contemplative studies and information science, also connecting this with recent turn of embodiment. This study extends the literature on transcendental information behaviour, elaborate yogis’ information experiences with an embodied perspective, and illustrate a relationship between information and contemplation. The kinds of embodied information employed by yoga practitioners might be recognized and appreciated more widely throughout society and opportunities for technological development and further research will be outlined.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Everyday information behaviour
  • embodiment
  • embodied information
  • contemplative practices
  • Yoga
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