نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه علم اطلاعات و دانششناسی، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران.
2 دانشآموخته کارشناسیارشد علم اطلاعات و دانششناسی، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران.
3 استادیار گروه علم اطلاعات و دانششناسی، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران.
4 استادیار گروه حقوق دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران.
5 استادیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: Nowadays regarded to the importance of knowledge and its related activities in advancement of countries and organizations, scientific cooperation among the society elites and other groups can lead to unity and solidarity among them. The main purpose of this research was to investigate the role of knowledge sharing intention to unity among the faculty members of universities of Birjand and teachers of seminary schools.
Methodology: The present research, through an applied method, surveyed the problem among university faculty members and teacher of seminary schools. Data were gathered by two validated and reliable questionnaires. The statistical population consisted of university faculty members and teachers of seminary schools. Among them, 198 individuals were selected as the sample of study through stratified random sampling method.
Findings: There was a significant difference among the two groups in control beliefs, total score of knowledge sharing, capability to tolerate the outsiders, and communication actions. Also, there was a significant relationship among the control beliefs to knowledge sharing with seminary (by university) and intention to unity. The results showed that attitude and norm beliefs to knowledge sharing with university (by seminary) significantly correlated with organization norms; control beliefs to knowledge sharing with university (by seminary) have significant relationship with sense of brotherhood; knowledge sharing behaviour with university (by seminary) significantly correlated with communication action, and organization norms have significant relationship with intention to unity. According to the results, there was a significant difference between the mean scores of knowledge sharing with outsider group and desire level. Total score of knowledge sharing with seminary (by university) had significant correlation with intention to unity and it components but total score of knowledge sharing with university (by seminary) just only was significantly correlated to organization norms and intention to unity. Also, the results revealed that attitude, control belief and intention to knowledge sharing with seminary (by university) were predictors of intention to unity and also, the knowledge sharing behavior with university (by seminary) was significant predictor of intention to unity. Knowledge sharing with academics by seminarians was not the only factor related to their desire to unite with academics, but factors such as technological factors, non-common specialized fields, organizational factors, etc. were effective in their desire to unite.
Conclusion: In general, knowledge sharing and scientific cooperation have important role in intention to unity among the two groups. Since belief control is affected by facilitating conditions and facilitating technology, creating specialized knowledge management software networks for both groups in the web environment will have a beneficial effect on knowledge sharing and unity between these two groups. Therefore, necessary measures should be taken in this regard.